A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic: The Dialect of the Jews of Arbel by Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental

By Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental Studies Geoffrey Khan

Being direct descendants of the Aramaic spoken through the Jews in antiquity, the nonetheless spoken Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialects of Kurdistan deserve distinct and shiny curiosity. Geoffrey Khan's A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic is a special checklist of 1 of those dialects, now at the verge of extinction. This quantity, the results of huge fieldwork, incorporates a description of the dialect spoken by means of the Jews from the area of Arbel (Iraqi Kurdistan), including a transcription of recorded texts and a thesaurus. The grammar comprises sections on phonology, morphology and syntax, preceded via an introductory bankruptcy reading the location of this dialect when it comes to the opposite recognized Neo-Aramaic dialects. The transcribed texts list folktales and bills of customs, traditions and reviews of the Jews of Kurdistan.

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Extra resources for A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic: The Dialect of the Jews of Arbel (Handbook of Oriental Studies/Handbuch Der Orientalistik)

Sample text

G. viz. ) am able' : masyan 'our fish'. g. älim 'cruel' (B:146). wa:lu:] 'I used to chase them away' (Y:52). iftam 'there'. g. g. ] (L:4). il and the word for 'there' tam, which is not used independently in the Jewish Arbel dialect. il is not pronounced emphatic. g. $[ola ['*>:~~] 'syngogue' (Y:72), satlu ['srenl:l:l 'their pots' (Y:73), :jqilta [~q~rt're] 'a small ring' (L:209). 4 Pronunciations such as [2~~·t'rem], however, suggest that the 1/1 is now a primary emphatic. In the transcription, therefore, a dot is marked under 1/1 in this word.

At the time of my fieldwork, the informants were in their seventies, or at the youngest, their late sixties. They emigrated to Israel in 1951 and settled in various parts of the country. arge number of immigrants from the Arbe! region. Their details are as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Mordechai Larza (= informant L): Resident of the town of Arbe!. Bilingual speaker of Arabic and Aramaic. ). ), cousin of Mordechai Larza. ). Same of these informants were not fixed in one place of residence all the time but moved araund the Arbe!

This sporadic weakening is not represented in the transcription for the sake of Orthographie consistency. zl 'for sure' (L:435). g. J:talil 'he profanes' : xalil 'he washes'. g. la-J:taqen [lrerre·qe·n] 'I am talking' (L:261). 3. 1. 1. *b The reflex of the soft allophone of *bin earlier Aramaie is the semi-vowel Iw/. g. g. Jii (cf. BTA N~71]) < *J:talal1ii (cf. Heb. ~) < *didllii (cf. / and keeping the two vowels clearly separated. We may compare the strengthening of etymological *h to 1;, which is found in the 3rd person pronominal suffixes of some Christian NENA dialects (-el; m.

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