A History of the Roman Empire from Its Foundation to the by J.B. Bury

By J.B. Bury

This strains the background of Rome from the start of Augustus's reign to the loss of life of Aurelius within the overdue 2d century A.D.

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Posts of officers and iudices for the knights to the exclusion of the Augustus was carrying out the design of C. Gracchus and giving the knights an important political position, so that they were in some measure co-ordinated with the senate as a But he went much further than this. He factor in the state. divided the offices of administration and the public posts between The general principle of division the senators and the knights. was that those spheres of administration, which were more closely senators, the Emperor personally, were given to knights.

This was an advantage for the senate and a serious limit on the For the exchange value of the copper power of the Princeps. always exceeded the value of the metal, and thus the senate had the power, which the Princeps did not possess, of issuing an un- and silver, In later times limited quantity of credit-money. we shall see that the Emperors could not resist the temptation of depreciating the value of silver and thus assuming the same privilege. One of the most important functions of the senate under the Emperors was that it served as an organ of publication, and kept The Emperor the public in communication with the government.

Pot. ). The based his civil position on the consulate For it is conceivable that in the^e alone. years too he may have made constitutional use of the tribunicia potestas, though not in the same measure in wLich he afterwards used it. Again, it is unknown whether he interpreted the power which he possessed as consul In the old not superfluous to point out the refuted by Mommsen and eiror now generally abandoned that Augustus for life,' possessed the jiotestas consular this was an integral part of the and that Principate.

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