By Gabriel Reynolds
In 385 AH/AD 995 the Qāḍī 'Abd al-Jabbār, popular for his Mu'tazilī theological writings, wrote the Confirmation of the Proofs of Prophecy, a piece that features a inventive polemic opposed to Christianity. 'Abd al-Jabbār reinterprets the Bible, Church background (especially the lives of Paul and Constantine) and Christian perform to argue that Christians replaced the Islamic faith of Jesus. the current paintings starts with an exam of the arguable concept that this polemic used to be borrowed from an unkown Judaeo-Christian workforce. the writer argues that 'Abd al-Jabbār's polemic is best understood as a reaction to his specific milieu and the on-going inter-religious debates of the medieval Islamic global. via reading the existence and considered 'Abd al-Jabbār, besides the Islamic, Christian and Jewish antecedants to his polemic, the writer uncovers the intimate courting among sectarian controversy and the advance of an Islamic doctrine on Christianity.
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Extra resources for A Muslim Theologian in the Sectarian Milieu: Abd al-Jabbar and the Critique of Christian Origins (Islamic History and Civilization)
28 chapter two them, and to refute the doubts of innovators who believe that their perceptions of (the articles of faith in their interpretation) are rational ones. . The only thing that caused the theologians (to use rational arguments) was the discussions of heretics who opposed the early Muslim articles of faith with speculative innovations. Thus, they had to refute these heretics with the same kind of arguments. 37 Ibn Khaldùn’s comments, meanwhile, are preceded by those of the philosopher Abù Naßr Mu˙ammad al-Fàràbì (d.
What he intends to do is to build a theological argument (theologumenon). He hopes, in his own words, “to demonstrate that [the Christians] parted from the religion of Christ” (p. 198). ”64 This verse (5:46 in the standard Cairo edition) reads: “We caused Jesus, son of Mary, to follow in their footsteps, conﬁrming the Tawràt that was before him. We gave him the Injìl, in which there is guidance and light, conﬁrming the Tawràt that was before him. ”65 But this is not the only verse with this message.
Griﬃth, “The Concept of al-Uqnùm in 'Ammàr al-Baßrì’s Apology for the Doctrine of the Trinity,” Actes du premier congrès international d’études arabes chrétiennes, ed. K. Samir (Rome: PISO, 1982), 169–91; M. Hayek, “ 'Ammàr al-Baßrì: la première somme de théologie chrétienne en langue arabe ou deux apologies du christianisme,” Islamochristiana 2 (1976), 69–113; and the introduction to the aforementioned 'Ammàr al-Baßrì, apologie et controverses. 54 NaΩΩàm was a caliphal advisor in the court of al-Ma"mùn (r.